Horsepower and dyno info:
The word horsepower was introduced by James Watt, inventor of the steam engine, in about 1775. Watt learned that "a strong horse could lift 150 pounds a height of 220 feet in 1 minute." One horsepower is also commonly expressed as 550 pounds to one foot in one second or 33,000 pounds to one foot in one minute. These are just different ways of saying the same thing. Notice these definitions include force (pounds), distance (feet), and time, (minute, second). A horse could hold weight in a static position but this would not be considered horsepower, it would be similar to what we call torque. Adding time and distance to a static force (or to torque) results in horsepower. RPM, revolutions (distance) per minute (time), is today's equivalent of time and distance. Back to horses, imagine a horse raising coal out of a coal mine. A horse exerting one horsepower could raise 550 pounds of coal one foot every second.
Next we need to express 220 feet in one minute as RPM.
We are then talking about 150 pounds of force (150 foot pounds torque), 35 RPM, and one horsepower.
Constant (X) = 150 ft.lbs. * 35.014 RPM / 1hp
35.014 * 150 / 1 = 5252.1
5252 is the constant.
So; below 5252 rpm any engine's torque number will always be higher than its horsepower number, and above 5252 rpm any engine's horsepower number will always be higher than its torque number. At 5252 rpm the horsepower and torque numbers will be exactly the same.
A common misconception about dynamometers is that they can damage engines. The dynamometer cannot make an engine work any harder than it is capable of, and this is no different from driving full throttle up a steep hill or towing a heavy trailer. Dynamometers cannot damage engines, but uncaring dynamometer operators can, just as uncaring drivers can on the road.